“The current hot and dry spell in the UK is partly due a combination of North Atlantic Ocean temperatures, climate change and the weather,” said Professor Shaffrey. It encompasses about 25,000 miles around the Earth and temperatures can vary widely. Below is an explanation of why equatorial regions are very hot, including direct vs indirect sunshine, the reflection of sunrays, and atmospheric differences. But why is the equator very hot and the poles very cold? Arizona is Close to the Equator and has Higher Elevation. Because Florida lies so close to the equator, it receives stronger sunlight than the rest of the country. Because the earth’s axis is tilted. Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon, the Congo, Malaysia and the East Indies. Get answers by … Mithu2009vip. The amount of rays reflected depend on the nature of the surface. That same amount of light hits the equator, but more directly, and not at an angle. This is high school or basic college level science, using trigonometry (pre calculus), a slight step beyond the basic statement that the sun hits down more directly at the equator than at the poles. Earth at the beginning of each season. This is the reason why every part of our planet is not equally hot. Solar energy drives equator weather patterns, absorbing heat into thunderstorms and transferring heat from the atmosphere to the ocean as rain. The equator would become very hot and the poles become even colder. So that would mean that the sun rays falling straight on earth are hotter than the rays falling in a slanting way. Other factors can affect temperatures as well, but not as greatly as the angle of sunlight. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? The Sun. There are several factors that influence the amount of sunshine received at various places on the earth. During the Autumn and Spring equinoxes, the Sun crosses directly over the Equator, resulting in a rise in intensity of sunlight, and consequently an increase in temperature. Get an answer to your question “Why is Hawaii not to hot, even though it is close to the equator? The equator is hot because it is closer to the sun. Earth's Equator (spelled with capital E) is a specific case of a planetary equator.It is about 40,075 km (24,901 mi) long, of which 78.8% lies across water and 21.3% over land. Still have questions? The equator, therefore, is tilted to this path too, and that tilt is exactly 23.5 degrees. When the surface sand was very hot, the bottom layer of sand was still cool, plus the desert did not have water evaporating to drain the heat, so when the Sun stood glossy, the temperature in the desert increased very quickly, the face the sand is scorching hot. This is why the areas lying on the Equator experience lower temperatures, and are not the hottest on the planet (contrary to what you might assume about the equatorial regions). These alternative factors include differences in atmosphere between the equator and the poles, and reflection off areas that are often covered in snow. Why is Equator Hot but Poles are Cold? The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? On one surface, the light rays are directly overhead and concentrated in a specific area while on the other surface the light rays reach the surface from a slightly slanted angle and spread over a larger area. The earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis and remains tilted throughout the year. It’s about 2,300 miles from the equator, which is close enough to mean it receives a lot of the sun’s energy, especially at the end of the year. Have you wondered why? It gets hotter. Since the earth is a sphere, the light rays from the sun do not hit all areas of the earth at the same angle and intensity. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. This effect can be demonstrated using a torch, which can be taken as the sun. Thus, the sun rays cover a large area due to the tilt and also do not hit all the areas with the same angle and intensity. The other four include the Arctic Circle, the Antarctic Circle, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn.. Because the Earth is a sphere, the equator—the middle line—is significantly longer than any of the other lines of latitude. The Equator as a Line of Latitude . One of the measurement is the Area between latitudes 231/2 degrees North and 231/2 Degrees South of Equator (Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn ) . Equatorial Hot Regions. ...” in English if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. While the sun shines almost equally in all parts of the earth, the equator is exposed to a high amount of direct sunlight than the poles. One such region is the. Tropical lowland rainforests are vegetation types found in the ever-wet tropics that are dominated by broad-leaved evergreen trees. In addition, clouds and rain on the equator are much more than in the desert. poles are far from Sun,but equator is nearer so more sunlight,so hot the equator. The sun is always close to the sun, or at least closer than the poles are, so the equator is hot from more sunlight and the poles are clod from little sunlight. Thus, the polar regions spend half the year pointed away from the sun. Source(s): Primary School. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? Below is an explanation of why equatorial regions are very hot, including direct vs indirect sunshine, the reflection of sunrays, and atmospheric differences. Throughout the year, regions close to the Equator experience a warm climate with minimal seasonal variation. The effect is that the area that directly receives light rays over a small area is likely to be hotter than the surface that receives light “indirectly” over a large area. The presence of more air molecules and particles result in greater absorption and scattering of sun rays. Linked to this misconception is another misconception that Earth’s seasons are as a result of the distance of the Earth from the sun. Thus, these places on high latitude receive less solar energy. Regions around the equator absorb a lot of sun rays leading to warmer conditions, unlike the polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctica) which reflect a lot of sun rays due to the massive snow. The equator is important as a reference point for navigation and geography. [citation needed]In spatial (3D) geometry, as applied in astronomy, the equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is the parallel (circle of latitude) at which latitude is defined to be 0°. The equator is a line which is not real drawn around a sphere or planet, such as the Earth.It is one of the lines known as a line of latitude, or circle of latitude.The name "equator" is Latin for "even-maker"; at equator the day and night are exactly the same length around the year.. 1 0. nick s. Lv 6. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. It's an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two equal halves, and it forms the halfway point between the South Pole and the North Pole at 0 degrees latitude, according to National Geographic. 0 0. Regarding atmospheric differences, when sunlight hits the earth's atmosphere, some of the rays are scattered or absorbed by air molecules. Half the year the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun while the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun and vice versa in the other half of the year. Sun rays that hit the poles do so at an angle, covering a larger area with a fixed amount of light. Countries around the equator like Africa are also hot. It is all about the tilt of the Earth’s axis. The equator is hotter than other areas of the earth, such as the poles, because it receives more direct sunlight than other areas. Why Are Places At Or Near The Equator Very Hot? So, if the same amount of light rays fall on two different surfaces. Equator, great circle around the Earth that is everywhere equidistant from the geographic poles and lies in a plane perpendicular to the Earth’s axis. Let’s see why this is so: The earth, as you know, has its axis tilted to its path around the sun. 0 1. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. | Physics - 120 ... NA It's easy - read Lindajun above. While the sun rays hit the poles at an angle, the same amount of sun rays hit the equator regions more directly and in a more concentrated manner. Areas with snow reflect back up to 95% of the incoming sunshine. Countries that are further North or South of the equator experience a change in seasons, when hot weather follows cold weather. The equatorial, hot, wet climate is found between 5° and 10° north and south of the equator. From National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Web site. Wet equatorial regions lie within about 12° latitude of the Equator. Sunlight falling on the Equator generates rising air currents that help in the formation of clouds over equatorial regions, which then cause rains and thunderstorms. The state of Florida closer to the equator than any of the other 48 contiguous states, but that’s not the only reason it feels so hot. The area that receives direct light rays is the equator while the other surface that receives light rays “indirectly” is the polar region. The equator is one of five lines of latitude used to help people navigate the world. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted. Regarding reflection, snow can cause about 75 to 95 percent of sunlight to be reflected back away from the earth. The amount of sunlight absorbed and scattered while passing through the atmosphere depend on the nature and concentration of air molecules in the atmosphere. Further away from the equator, the influence of the on-shore Trade Winds, gives rise to a modified type of equato­rial climate with monsoonal influences. tropical rainforest biome which takes place along the equator as well as extending to north and south to the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. It is a common misconception that the equator is hotter due to it being closer to the sun than other areas of the earth. The Tropical Region, or the Equatorial Region, extends beyond the Equator to 23.5 degrees North latitude and to 23.5 degrees south latitude. Source(s): my knowledge. All other factors held constant, the sun’s path is longer in a higher latitude. The angle of Sun's Rays at The Equator is such that they heat up the Area around Equator much more rapidly . Here, you’ll learn more about the reasons behind hot Florida summers and how to beat the heat. While the sun is directly overhead at the equator, it is slightly slanted at the poles. If the sun shines equally in almost all areas, why are regions around the equator hotter than areas around the poles? The Amount of Sunshine Received at the Equator While the sun shines almost equally in all parts of the earth, the equator is exposed to a high amount of direct sunlight than the poles. The equator is hotter than other areas of the earth, such as the poles, because it receives more direct sunlight than other areas. However, the earth's distance from the sun is so great that there really is no noticeable difference in distance from the sun. Would you go and sunbathe at 7am in summer? On the equator, the sun rays fall straight where as on either side of the equator they fall at an angle. However, the sun is so far away from the earth that it shines almost equally at the poles and equator. The sun shines right at the equator so there for it makes it hot.its because it is closer to the sun, the rays of the sun fall directly on it. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. The equator is vast. Here’s a somewhat mathematical look at why it is hotter at the equator that at the poles. Of course not, the sunlight hasn't got much power that early. The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. One of the most common misconceptions is that the regions at or near the equator are hotter than the poles because the equator is closer to the sun than other areas of the earth. The Nature of Soil in These Areas:- I told you earlier that these areas are mostly the deserts and the … Within this region, the rays of the sun come down vertically, it is always hot here. By Sophy Owuor on January 11 2019 in Environment. 1 decade ago. The climate type is denoted by the abbreviation Af in the Köppen-Geiger-Pohl system. Lowland rainforest along the northern coast of Ecuador. Therefore, the light hitting the equator does so in a more concentrated manner. Convection currents in the atmosphere cause wind patterns that move heat from the equator toward the poles. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? 1 decade ago. Earth's equator is sometimes viewed as a bit of a virtual wall that separates the climates of the northern and southern hemispheres. 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