Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. imaginable degree, area of Types of Government in Ancient Greece Democracy In a democracy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of all of the people, who are called citizens. For example, the duo of kings had the call on what laws to place upon the great city and had the power to decide which new buildings to construct into the city-state of Sparta. These kings would lead the army in times of war. The government of Sparta consisted of the two kings, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ecclesia/Apella: How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? Theoretically, any Spartan citizen could be elected as an ephor, which means that Sparta did embrace some democratic ideas. Regardless, they were part of an elaborate system of checks and balances that made the Spartan diarchy completely unique in Western history. Sparta was unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, which were supposedly introduced by the semi-mythical legislator Lycurgus. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Sparta was a city-state located in the southeastern Peloponnese region of ancient Greece. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. 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The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was looking for divine approval. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? 100. succeed. How could Sparta compete with that? An error occurred trying to load this video. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Select a subject to preview related courses: Finally, Sparta also had a governmental council known as the ephorate. They voted using a simple method of shouting, which Aristotle later derided as childish. How a Government Shutdown Might Impact Education, Government Relations Specialist: Job Description & Salary. Sparta Map: The Spartans were descendants of Dorian settlers. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. First was the gerousia, a council of 28 elders who served for life. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. They had the power to try and indict the kings in a trial, they could pass or advise laws, and two ephors traveled with the king on military campaigns to keep his ego in check. Sparta was a town in southern Greece. Log in here for access. This body consisted of 28 over-60 years of age males who held the position for life. There were several main types of government. Sparta Sparta was located in the southern Peloponnesus. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. The Spartans spoke Greek. If your impeached can you run for president again? When did organ music become associated with baseball? Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. 's' : ''}}. Ancient Greece: Sparta. In Sparta, women had a lot of free will and were almost as good fighters as the men. The theatre itself has the beautiful backdrop of Mount Taygetus and would have … Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Get access risk-free for 30 days, 8:08 PM Ancient Egypt No comments. The word democracy comes from the Greek root words demos (which means “people”) and kratos (which means “power”). It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy … In this city-state soldiers marching and young boys and girls exercising were common sights. In this lesson, we'll look at this system and see how the Spartan government worked. The Spartan Empire was known as "The Peloponnesian League". tyranny. The people selected the best king to deal with each situation. Sparta had a mixed form of government that included a council and the leadership of two hereditary kings. 23 chapters | Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. The gerousia also led a citizen's assembly called the Ekklesia. Visit the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus page to learn more. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. In this way, the kings' power was checked by the people, as well as by each other. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Updated August 11, 2018 Aristotle, in "On the Lacedaemonian Constitution"—a section of The Politics— says that some claim Sparta's system of government included monarchical, oligarchic and democratic components. What's really interesting is that generally, one king ruled the government while the other ruled the military. They were also both recognized as priests of Zeus. Create your account. study flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The ancient theatre of Sparta. The co-kings each inherited their titles but came from two different families. It was composed of five ephors, who were elected to this position by the Ekklesia. If we need proof that the Spartans had an organized and sophisticated government, look no further than the Great Rhetra. In fact, the Spartans ma… Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Why does every Spartan mother tell their child to not lose their shield? What two letters of the Greek alphabet did the word alphabet come from? Persia gave Sparta gold so they could build their own navy fleet. This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period. just create an account. According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgus by the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Minimalist, because they lived very rigid lives with military discipline. One person ruled in monarchies and tyrannies. Even without a democracy, the Spartans found other ways to keep their rulers in check as well. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. The Athenian Empire was called "The Delian League". The Lacedaemonian [Spartan] constitution is defective in another point; I … So what did the Spartan government look like, according to the Great Rhetra and according to historical sources? Sparta also had a council that created laws. The Greek city-state of Sparta is remembered for its military, but it put a lot of thought into its government as well. The kings and the Ephors made all the most important decisions about the state and battle and education and the Gerouisa had a big input in law but even if they all make a unanimous decision it can still be overruled by the whole Apella. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? All rights reserved. The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. they were divided and weak Which king ruled which part of Spartan society changed by occasion. The assembly of … A woman in Sparta things were very different for citizen women than they were in other Greek cities, where women would stay home most of their lives and be controlled by their husband. What was the Social Roles of Spartan Kings in Ancient Sparta? The kings also sat on this council and made many of their decisions through this body. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … Legacy of Ancient Greece . In that sense it is an almost democratic government except that woman or slaves cannot have a say. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 239 views From protection, to location along the Evrotas river, Sparta had a remarkable and diverse geographical status. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? Usually, the types of government relevant to ancient Greece are listed as three: Monarchy, Oligarchy (generally synonymous with rule by the aristocracy), and Democracy. Poor ephors were subject to bribery from the wealthier citizens. While many people associate ancient Greece with the origin of democracy, it was home to many types of government. The theatre in its time would have been one the largest in ancient Greece, capable of seating over 15,000 Spartans. 220 lessons Athens' rival, Sparta, was a military dictatorship. Where was Sparta located? Did you know… We have over 220 college 100. 500 BC), maybe as part of religious games sponsored by her government. Services. courses that prepare you to earn What type of government existed under the Thirty Tyrants? Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. The gerousia itself was part of a larger citizen's assembly, known as the Ekklesia. How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? So it appears in Homer‘s Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. Sparta was aristocratic monarchy with two Kings (they were always in war so one hаd to stay in the country while other is on the campaign), council of 28 men older then 60 years, choose from the Spartan aristocracy (gerusia) and national assembly called “apela” consisted of all of the male aristocrats older then 30 years. Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. Ruled by a king: Some city-states were ruled by a king. Sparta was Oligarchical (ie ruled by an Oligarch), which translates as 'rule of the few'. What does Spartan mean? But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. You can test out of the STUDY. One of the remaining sites in Sparta is the ancient theatre. 100. 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